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Climate Predictions

MCDC data products contribute to national and international reports as well as journal articles that further our understanding of the future state of the climate.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

MCDC data products from RSS informed the IPCC 5th Assessment Report (AR-5), The Physical Science Basis, published in 2013. The AR-5 Report cited 20 RSS peer-reviewed journal papers from 6 RSS scientists, with 11 of the papers having the RSS scientist as the lead author. The MCDC data continues to be included in the newest version of the IPCC Physical Science Basis report: AR-6.

National Climate Assessment

MCDC contains multi-decadal (currently 35 years) Climate Data Records (CDRs) for Air-Sea (AS) variables, all of which are classified as Essential Climate Variables (ECV) by the Global Observing System for Climate. AS-ECVs include near-surface ocean wind speed (m/s), total water vapor above the ocean (mm), total cloud liquid water above the ocean (mm), and sea-surface rain rate (mm/hr). We used Reynolds SST to compare to AS-ECVs because the MCDC SST is a 25-year dataset.

Bulletin of American Meteorology:
State of the Climate

The MCDC data products from RSS are used every year in the American Meteorological Society(AMS) State of the Climate report that is published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS). For example, the RSS data were used in the 2021 State of the Climate report in order to show trends in wind speed since 1988 (ERA5 was used to merge ocean trends with land trends).

Scientific Journal Articles

Hundreds of journal articles of climate studies performed in collaboration with external scientists, using RSS MCDC data:

Santer, B. D., et al. (2021). Using Climate Model Simulations to Constrain Observations. Journal of Climate, 34, 6281-6301.
Steiner, A.K., et al. (2020). Observed Temperature Changes in the Troposphere and Stratosphere from 1979 to 2018. Journal of Climate, 33, 8165-8194.
Santer, B.D., et al. (2018). Human Influence on the Seasonal Cycle of Tropospheric Temperature. Science, 20, 361.
Thompson, D.W.J., et al. (2012) The Mystery of Recent Stratospheric Temperature Trends. Nature, 491, 692-697.
Mears, C.A., et al. (2012) Assessing the Value of Microwave Sounding Unit-Radiosonde Comparisons in Ascertaining Errors in Climate Data Records of Tropospheric Temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D19103.
Wentz, F.J. and L. Ricciardulli (2011) Comment on "Global Trends in Wind Speed and Wave Height". Science, 334, 905.
Wentz, F.J., et al. (2007) How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring? Science, 317, 233-235.
Wentz, F.J. and M.C. Schabel (2000) Precise Climate Monitoring Using Complementary Satellite Data Sets. Nature, 403, 414-416.
Wentz, F. J., et al. (2000) Satellite Measurements of Sea Surface Temperature Through Clouds. Science, 288(5467), 847-850.
Wentz, F. J. and M.C. Schabel (1998) Effects of Orbital Decay on Satellite-Derived Lower-Tropospheric Temperature Trends. Nature, 394, 661-664.
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